How Your Puppy’s Size Affects His Nutrition

How long does it take for a puppy to grow into an adult? What size bed and crate should you get for your puppy? What kind of nutrients does a puppy need?

All of these questions can be answered the same way: “It depends. How big are they going to get?”

Your puppy’s eventual size will make a difference in many of the decisions you make, but where size makes the most difference is in nutrition. Depending on the size of your puppy when he’s fully grown, he’ll need different levels and proportions of essential nutrients.

X-Small Dogs

“X-Small” dogs will weigh up to eight pounds at adulthood, and they’re only puppies for 10 months. Some X-Small breeds include the Pomeranian, Maltese and Pekingese. These little guys can be picky and often don’t have large appetites, so an energy-dense food can help support their healthy growth by providing the nutrients they need in the proper kibble and meal size. As adults, they can also be prone to dental issues, so it’s important to get these pups off to the right start with dental health support and regular teeth-brushing.

Mini Dogs

“Mini” dogs can weigh from nine to 22 pounds at adulthood, and they’re only puppies for 10 months. Some Mini breeds you might be familiar with include Boston Terriers, Havanese and Shiba Inus. They have a lot of the same needs as X-Small dogs. These dogs will grow slightly bigger and faster than their tiny counterparts, so optimal energy and nutrients to support digestive health are important.

Medium Dogs

“Medium” dogs are puppies for a full year and will weigh between 21 and 55 pounds at adulthood. Some Medium breeds you might have heard of include the Siberian Husky, Pembroke Welsh Corgi and English Springer Spaniel. Many of the breeds in this weight category were bred to hunt and herd. These larger dogs can benefit from specific nutrients to help support their GI system.

Maxi Dogs

“Maxi” dogs will weigh between 56 and 100 pounds when fully grown and are puppies for 15 months. Some dogs that are considered Maxi breeds include the Doberman Pinscher, Bernese Mountain Dog and Bloodhound. These pups will have to carry a bit more weight when they’re older and have a longer growth period, so it’s important they have the right nutrient mix to support healthy bone and joint development.

Giant Dogs

“Giant dogs” live up to their name, weighing over 100 pounds when fully grown! Famous Giant dog breeds include the Bullmastiff, Newfoundland and Great Pyrenees. These guys take their time growing up and aren’t considered fully grown until they’re between 18 and 24 months old (depending on the breed and eventual size). Like their Maxi counterparts, they also need support for bone and joint health as well as some specific nutrients to help support their GI system.

Remember, X-Small dogs like Chihuahuas and giant dogs like Mastiffs have different physiological needs, and their food should reflect that. Always consult with a veterinarian about your puppy’s health and nutrition.

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