The Rottweiler: A Watchful Guardian

Rottweiler Breed History

The history of the Rottweiler may not be as well documented as other breeds, but experts can trace the breed’s lineage back to the Roman era.  Breed authorities theorize that these loyal protectors are descendants of the guard dogs Roman armies used to protect their sheep. Throughout history, Rottweilers have been recognized for their protective instincts and intelligence. Up until the mid-19th century, Rottweilers were used to guard grazing cattle and to pull and watch butcher carts. 

After the advent of the horse and cart, Rottweilers enjoyed a surge in popularity as police dogs, particularly in the United States. As a result, the breed was recognized by the AKC in 1931, 32 years after the founding of the first Rottweiler owners club in Germany. Today, Rottweilers are the 10th most popular dog breed in the United States, known for their affectionate nature and protectiveness of their families. 

The Natural Protector

With their large square head, broad chest and stocky, muscular build, Rottweilers can seem all brawn. However, Rottweilers are mischievously intelligent and as true working group members, they prefer to be busy and stimulated. Playing fetch, hiding treats for the dog to find or even playing tug-of-war will keep them occupied and out of trouble. 

On average, Rottweilers weigh about 110 pounds. This breed, being as big as it is, prefers wide open spaces where they can run and play with their owners. They need a moderate amount of exercise, so Rottweilers are a good fit for active families that can dedicate the time to exercising their dog. 
Rottweilers have a lifespan that ranges from 10 to 12 years so regular preventive care visits to a veterinarian are important for lifelong health.  

Health and Wellness

With their large size and muscular build, Rottweilers are prone to hereditary joint and bone disorders like hip dysplasia. Although it is uncommon, heart defects can be seen in this breed. Heart problems are difficult to diagnose and treat, so it’s important to ensure that Rottweilers are visiting their vet regularly. Semi-annual orthopedic and veterinary exams can help prevent or control these problems.

Owners can choose a food with a complete spectrum of nutrients that help support bone and joint health and healthy cardiac function.  Learn more about ROYAL CANIN® Breed Health Nutrition® Rottweiler Adult dry dog food.