Vaccinations and the Adult Dog

The increase in the popularity of doggy daycare facilities and dog parks has created more opportunities for greater risks in the spread of diseases. Some of these diseases can be easily treated and others can have devastating outcomes.

The Importance of Vaccinations

Following a vaccination schedule is one of the best ways to help prevent your dog from becoming sick and possibly infecting other dogs. Your veterinarian will help determine your dog’s vaccination schedule based on overall health, age, state regulations and the level of his risk of exposure.

Make sure your dog’s vaccinations are maintained to help protect him from:

  • Vulnerability to serious illness
  • Threat of rabies
  • Expensive treatment for life-threatening disease
Core Vaccines and Schedules

Vaccines are categorized as either core or non-core. The core vaccines are recognized by the American Animal Hospital Association as those to be given to all dogs unless there is a documented health concern, such as reaction. Core vaccines include:
  • Canine Distemper virus – This viral disease spreads quickly from secretions of the nose, eyes or mouth of infected dogs, and it can be fatal without proper prevention. Dogs already following a vaccination schedule may receive either yearly or three-year vaccinations.
  • Canine Parvovirus – Also known as parvo is a serious disease. Puppies, especially those under one year, are more likely to contract this possibly deadly virus that attacks the stomach and intestines. Since the virus can remain infectious for months in the environment, it can be transmitted dog-to-dog or human-to-dog. A vaccine booster can protect dogs and puppies from becoming infected.
  • Rabies – As a non-treatable and fatal viral infection spread through animal bites.. The rabies vaccine is required by law in every state and must be administered by a licensed veterinarian. A rabies vaccination schedule can differ by state, local and county ordinances. You may have the option of either choosing an annual or a three-year vaccination, depending on your veterinarian’s recommendations.
  • Canine Adenovirus Type 2 – This vaccine protects against a serious upper respiratory tract infection that easily spreads and in adult dogs. You may have the option of either choosing an annual or a three-year vaccination, depending on your veterinarian’s recommendations
Non-Core Vaccines and Schedules

Non-core vaccines are recommended based on a dog’s lifestyle. Where you and your dog live, where your dog spends time and other factors are used to determine which non-core vaccines your veterinarian will advise you to add to your dog’s prevention schedule. These vaccines are given to help protect your dog from contracting:

  • Bordetella or Kennel Cough – This vaccination can help prevent or reduce the severity of this highly contagious and very serious respiratory infection that can develop into pneumonia. Your veterinarian may suggest an intranasal vaccination. It can also be given orally or as an injection.
  • Leptospira – Your veterinarian will suggest giving your dog the lepto vaccine if he is at a high risk of contracting the disease typically from slow-moving or stagnant bodies of water in either suburban or rural areas. Your veterinarian can help you determine whether lepto infections are common in your area or other regions that you plan to visit with your dog.
  • Lyme disease – Adult dogs either living near or spending time outdoors in areas that will increase their exposure to ticks that cause Lyme disease are usually given a yearly booster to help prevent it. Your veterinarian may also suggest this vaccination if you and your dog will be travelling to a region experiencing an unusually high amount of Lyme disease reports.
  • Canine influenza – This has gained national attention due to a recent outbreak of a new strain in the Midwest region. In April 2015, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention released information to help alert dog owners about this highly contagious canine flu without a ready vaccination to prevent it. Although there is a canine influenza vaccine to help protect against the recognized strain, testing is being conducted to determine if this same vaccine can be used.

Consult your veterinarian to determine the best vaccinations for your dog and the optimal timing for each. Keeping your dog fully vaccinated will be his first protection against possibly contracting serious diseases or complications.

For more information on keeping your dog happy and healthy, learn about Royal Canin’s dog foods.


Updated Canine Vaccination Guidelines
Vaccinating Your Pet: What You Should Know
FAQs on Canine Vaccinations
Dog Vaccination Guidelines Part 1: Difference between Essential and Situational Vaccines for Dogs
Dog Vaccination Guidelines Part 2: Rattlesnake Vaccinations for Dogs
Dog Vaccination Guidelines Part 3: Leptospirosis
Dog Vaccination Guidelines Part 4: Adenovirus Type 2, Parainfluenza Virus, and Bordetella
Dog Vaccination Guidelines Part 5: Influenza
Dog Vaccination Guidelines Part 6: Lyme Disease
Vaccinating Your Dog for Canine Flu
How Flu Vaccines Work for Dogs
Canine Influenza Facts
Understanding Canine Influenza (Dog Flu)
Canine Influenza Outbreak
Puppy and Dog Vaccinations: What You Need to Know
Canine Vaccine Recommendations
Canine Distemper Overview
Bordetella (Kennel Cough) Overview
Canine Parvo Overview