Yorkshire Terrier: Maintaining the Mane

Yorkshire Terrier History

Although it may seem hard to believe, the Yorkshire Terrier was developed in the 19th century as a breed used to catch rats in English coal mines and clothing mills. Often referred to by their shorter, charming nickname, Yorkie, these small dogs  are popular companion animals. Yorkshire Terriers can range in weight from four to seven pounds, and due to their size, they enjoy a longer lifespan, up to 16 years.

Characteristics of the Breed

Very Social  

The Yorkshire Terrier can embody a personality much larger than its actual size. This breed needs to be well socialized in order to be friendly and outgoing, and properly trained in order to establish and maintain the leadership in the household. Yorkshire Terriers are quite loyal companions and interact well with children displaying total confidence.  They are ideal travel companions and very affectionate.

High Activity Level

The Yorkshire Terrier is highly energetic, requiring less exercise than larger breeds. They are usually adventurous, looking for new smells to explore  on their short walks. These walks, combined with regular indoor playtime, provide for the Yorkshire Terrier’s exercise requirements.

Signature Coat  

A Yorkshire Terrier’s coat is its signature characteristic. Unlike other breeds, their coat grows in single hair strands without an undercoat. Owners must provide regular grooming in order to maintain its silky texture and to keep it tangle-free. The coat should be brushed at minimum every other day to avoid any matting or knots.

Finicky and Inconsistent Appetite 

A pleasing aroma, taste and texture are all particularly important food considerations for the picky Yorkshire Terrier.  To help maintain a beautiful, healthy coat, a Yorkie’s diet should include omega 6 and 3 fatty acids and biotin.
Banfield Pet Hospital lists these breed-associated health conditions for the Yorkshire Terrier:
  • Patellar luxation
  • Mitral valve disease
  • Periodontal disease
  • Urolithiasis

Click here to download an informational PDF from Banfield Pet Hosiptal.

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